Observing meal times in acute hospital wards to explore the experiences of people with dementia using Dementia Care Mapping.

Study ID: 32604
Short Title: Observing meal time experiences for people with dementia in hospital
Organisation: Poole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Location: Poole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Condition: Dementia
Main Specialty: Dementias
Expected End Date: 28/02/2019
Postcode: BH15 2JB
Contact Name: Sacha Crowley
Contact Email: Sacha.crowley@poole.nhs.uk
Active: Yes

Inclusion Criteria

1. Inpatients with a dementia diagnosis prior to hospital admission.

2. All types of dementia.

3. Any stage of dementia.

4. Any age from 40 to 100 years.

Exclusion Criteria

1. People with cognitive impairment who do not have a diagnosis of dementia.

2. People with medically induced delirium.

3. Palliative patients.

4. Specialist ward patient e.g. neuro/cardiology.

5. People with non-oral feeding interventions.

6. Non-English speaking.

Study summary:

How do people with dementia experience meal times in acute hospital wards?

Commonly older people do not eat enough in hospital to meet their nutritional needs. As a result they may take longer to recover from ill health and stay in hospital for longer. People with dementia are particularly at risk of eating poorly in hospital because the daily routine, environment and food are all different from what they are used to at home. It is important that hospital mealtimes ensure people with dementia have the opportunity to eat and drink enough to meet their needs. Some research has investigated how hospital mealtimes can support people to eat and drink well but this has often excluded people with dementia.

This study will observe people with dementia at meal times in several hospital wards to explore what factors influence the meal time experience. The participants in the study will be patients with a diagnosis of dementia. A tool called “Dementia Care Mapping” and field notes be used to observe meal times. Dementia Care Mapping provides different types of data to describe how people experience meal times and what may be influencing their experience. Participants will not be expected to do anything except continue with their normal activities during the observation of the mealtime.

The results will be used to build a model which describes the key issues that people with dementia experience during hospital mealtimes. The model will be used in the future to inform, educate and train carers of people with dementia in hospital wards.

The researcher is funded by the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR) for four years, and is at the University of Southampton.

« Study Map« List of studies