Inclusion criteria will require that participants are aged 18 year or over and have heard voices for at least six months, irrespective of diagnosis. They will need to be able to read English, in order to complete the questionnaires.
If risks to others are deemed high this would be an exclusion criteria for the study. For Stage 2, participants should not have participated in Stage 1.
Aim - this study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of two new measures of assertive responding to: 1) distressing voices (‘auditory hallucinations’); and 2) other people. Design – 46-item measures of assertive responding to voices (AppRoVE - voices) and other people (AppRoVE – social) have been developed through consultation with researchers, clinicians and people with lived experience of hearing voices. This study will evaluate the validity and reliability of the AppRoVE measures through a two-stage process. Expected outcomes – this study will produce psychometrically robust measures of assertive responding to voices and other people. Anticipated benefits – psychometrically robust measures of assertive responding to voices and other people can be used to assess therapeutic change processes for patients who receive relationally-based therapies for distressing voices.
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